Top 20 Interview Questions for an Ethical Hacker
An ethical hacker is a person who assists organizations in protecting data and valuable information. They typically do this by conducting penetration testing and hacking into the network of the authorized organisation, and then bringing the information to the organization to find all the loopholes and vulnerabilities. This allows them to fix the flaws highlighted before a malicious hacker is able to exploit them.
Ethical hackers are highly sought after and well compensated in the corporate world due to growing cyber crime and hacking events. If you’re looking to make a career in this area, you’re at the right place. Here are the top 20 questions an ethical hacker will be asked during an interview.
1. Define ethical hacking. A person can hack a system with the consent of the product owner in order to fix or identify flaws.
2. What are the different types of ethical hacking?
3. What is a Brute force attack? This is a method to crack passwords and gain access to the system. Hackers attempt to crack the password using every possible combination of letters, numbers, and small and large letters. It uses tools such as “Hydra.”
4. What are the most used tools by ethical hackers?
John The Ripper
5. There are many types of ethical hackers.
Cyber warriors or Grey Box hackers
Black Box penetration Testers
White Box Penetration Testing Equipment
Certified ethical hacker
6. What is SQL injection and how does it work? SQL injection is commonly known as SQLI. This attack vector uses malicious SQL code to manipulate backend databases and gain access to data that was not intended. This data could include everything from sensitive corporate data to user list information to private consumer data.
7. What are the different types of social engineering attacks that use computers to accomplish their goals? What is the definition of phishing?Computer-assisted social engineering assaults are on the rise.
Phishing refers to impersonating a legitimate system through fake emails, chats or websites.8 Network sniffing is a monitoring tool that monitors data traveling over network links. Network sniffers can help you locate network problems by allowing to view and capture packet-level data on your network. Sniffers can be used to steal information from networks and legitimately manage them.
9. What is ARP spoofing and ARP poisoning? ARP (Address Resolution Protocol), is an attack where an attacker modifies the target computer’s MAC (Media Access Control Address) address and attacks an internet LAN. This is done by injecting forged ARP requests and reply packets into the target system’s ARP cache.
10. What is the difference between Defacement and Pharming?Pharming: This approach involves hacking DNS servers or the user’s computer to redirect traffic to a malicious site.
Defacement: An attacker takes down the website of an organization and replaces it with a new one using this method. It contains the hacker’s name, photos, and possibly even messages and music.
11. What is Enumeration? It is the process of extracting a system’s machine names, user names, network resource, shares, and other services. In an intranet environment, enumeration techniques can be used.
12. What are the various types of ethical hacking enumerations available?