Top 20 Interview Questions for Incident Responders
Incident response is a method for dealing with security breaches, data theft, and cyberattacks in a structured manner. The incident response approach aims to reduce the cost of cyber threats or other significant events by finding, managing, and reducing the costs. It responds quickly to any problem and takes preventative measures to avoid them from happening again. Many organizations, large and small, have Security Incident Responders. These professionals are needed by both government and non-profit organizations. They are responsible for mitigating any cyberattacks within an organization.
Let’s now discuss some interview questions that can help you land your dream job and crack the interview.
1: What are the main responsibilities of an Incident Responder within an organization?
An Incident Responder is a person who responds to cyber threats within an organization. They prevent major attacks or threats from happening. Here are some of the responsibilities for an Incident Responder.
Identify any vulnerability or threat in a network system.
Establish a framework of procedures for dealing with an incident.
Effectively monitor apps and systems for malicious activity.
Provide well-written incident reports for authorized management.
2. What are the most common ways organizations can be affected by DoS attacks? DoS (Denial-of-Service) attacks are the most common way to overload a system with traffic. This causes computers, routers and other network equipment to overflow. Networks can collapse due to high traffic volumes, and servers can malfunction.
3: Which security software can be used to monitor the network’s performance?
Some security software that monitors the network system include Snort for intrusion detection and Checkpoint for firewall. Symantec and McAfee are also available.
4: What security breaches could you face as an Incident Responder?
Here are some security flaws you might encounter in your daily life.
Attack on Denial-of Service
5: What are the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology), steps of the incident response cycle?
The NIST framework consists of five key phases: identify. Protect, detect. Respond. And recover.
Identify: This phase focuses on identifying security issues related to networks, information assets, information, activities, and other aspects.
Protect: This phase entails implementing protections to improve delivery of essential infrastructure services.
Detect: This phase is focused on creating and executing procedures to detect security incidents
Respond: This phase involves creating and implementing solutions to address identified incidents.
Recover: This phase focuses on creating and implementing a solution that will allow the organization to recover from the incident.
6: What should I do if you suspect that your network has been compromised
To determine which files or services have been compromised, examine system records such as server log data and firewalls. Antimalware software can be deployed to identify any current risks to the system. To prevent this problem from happening again, create a strategy plan.
7: What plan would be needed to fix a failing system?
Answer: When you need to fix a failing system, a Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP), is the best approach. This plan outlines all the steps and concerns that must be taken when restoring a failing system.
8: How do you encrypt emails to protect your workplace communications?
Answer: PGP (Pretty Good Privacy), an encryption program that encrypts email using authentication methods, is the answer. You use a public-private pair between the sender (or recipient) of keys to ensure that only authorized persons can view the email.
9: What is port scanning? Why would you use it?